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What are the different Wrestling formats?


It is one of the oldest combat sports in the world.

The sport of wrestling is one of the most popular sports in the world. The origin of the sport dates back approximately 15,000 years. Today, various countries around the world have developed their versions of the sport.

All forms of wrestling involve many types of grappling techniques, hand-to-hand combat, throws and takedowns, joint locks and pins. It is the art of gaining superior position over an opponent and incapacitating him by using his body weight as leverage. There are many different versions of wrestling depending on the culture in which it was developed. In countries around the world, a unique version of wrestling can be found.

In this article, we will list some of the most famous types of wrestling forms.


First on the list is one of two forms of wrestling that feature in the Olympics – Freestyle. In freestyle wrestling, the goal is to throw and pin an opponent to the mat, which, of course, results in an immediate victory. A unique feature of freestyle wrestling is the use of a wrestler’s legs in both attack and defense. The sport is also contested at a wide variety of weight levels including light flyweight, flyweight, bantamweight, featherweight, lightweight, welterweight, middleweight, light heavyweight, heavyweights and super heavyweights.

The rules are as follows –

  • It is illegal for an athlete to lock a leg scissoring motion into their opponent’s head, neck, or body. However, scissor movements on the legs or arms are allowed.
  • If a wrestler is deemed passive, they will be placed on a 30 second timer. If no athlete manages to score points during these thirty seconds, the opponent is awarded a point. The passive athlete will also receive a warning.
  • If a wrestler receives three warnings during a fight, he will be disqualified from the fight.


It is a style of wrestling that was introduced in the first modern Olympic Games in 1896 and has been included in all editions of the Summer Olympics since 1904. Greco-Roman wrestling, unlike freestyle wrestling, does not does not allow for below-the-waist holds, or the use of the legs in attack and defense. This set of rules instead allows for an emphasis on throws, as it prohibits trip outs, in addition to snagging or grabbing the leg. Greco-Roman wrestling is believed by many to be the oldest sport on the planet, with ancient rock drawings suggesting competitions may have been held as early as 3000 BC.

The rules are as follows-

  • Holds below the waist are prohibited. This includes grabbing the opponent’s knees, thighs, or legs.
  • Trips, kicks and knee strikes are also prohibited.
  • Each round of combat is separated into three segments: a segment of 60s for combat in a neutral position (on their feet), and two sequences of 30s for combat on the ground (on the mat).
  • The wrestler who scores the most points in the 60s neutral stance segment will be granted top-flight advantage for the ground wrestling period. If the wrestler on top cannot score any points, their opponent on the bottom receives one point for good defense. The wrestlers then switch positions to allow both athletes to gain points in the lead.
  • If no wrestler scores points during the first neutral stance segment, the referees flip a coin to determine who starts the ground fight sequence at the top.
  • The goal is to collect as many points as possible during each segment, as this gives the wrestler the best possible chance of securing a points victory if a fall cannot be achieved.

Alysh Belt Wrestling

The word “Alysh” which means “fight to determine the strongest” has its roots in ancient Turkish and was chosen by the International Belt Wrestling Federation to embody the coming together of all styles of belt wrestling worldwide.

Belt wrestling matches are 5 minutes for men and 4 minutes for women. Competitors wear white pants and a blue or green jacket with a red belt. While holding the belts, they try to throw their opponent on the mat. Technical points are awarded based on the type of throws: One point if the opponent lands on a knee or butt, two points if the opponent presses to the side or a hip, and six points if the opponent presses the back. The first contestant to score six points wins the match. The rules adopted are simple so that all national styles of belt wrestling can be expressed within a generic form of the genre.

Technical points are awarded based on the amplitude of the throws: 1 point if the opponent lands on one knee or on his buttock, 2 points if the opponent lands sideways or on one hip, and 6 points if the opponent lands on his or her buttocks. his back. The first contestant to score 6 points wins the match.


The word Pankration comes from the Greek words “Pan” and “Kratos” meaning “one who controls everything”. It is a World Heritage martial art with the unique distinction of being the only existing martial sport that can trace its roots to the ancient Olympic Games from 648 BC to 393 AD. Today, pankration is developed by United World Wrestling as a mild form of mixed martial arts (MMA). It is forbidden to hit the head. The pankration is practiced by both men and women, according to the same rules.

In addition to individual competition, pankration includes two forms of team choreographic competition that can be performed with or without weapons. “Palaismata” takes place between two athletes and aims to assess their level of knowledge. As “Polydamas” unfolds between a defendant and three attackers to simulate a dangerous situation for the athlete to overcome. A pankration is an effective form of self-defense that can be used for police and security training.

The rules are as follows-

  • Pankration competitions will take place inside a ring or cage or on mats of adequate size. Competitions that are not held in a ring or cage must have a safety mat surrounding the competition area at least 2 meters on all sides.
  • Enclosure components, including all side guards and strings, should be inspected for suitability and safety prior to the first game.
  • If a boxing ring is used, each side of the square boxing ring (the length of the rope on one side) must measure a minimum of 4.5 meters and a maximum of 6.00 meters. It must consist of at least five strings for a pankration match.
  • The minimum diameter of each of the five ropes must be 2.5 cm (1″).
  • The lowest rope should be placed 20cm (8″) above the platform, while the top rope should be placed no more than 1.30m above the platform.
  • All strings should be covered with tight-fitting soft materials.
  • All four corners must be metal. The diagonal distance between opposite corners should not exceed 10.6 meters (outside measurement).
  • The height of the corners must not exceed 1.30 meters (52″) above the ring platform.
  • All corners and protrusions of a ring or cage should be adequately covered to prevent possible injury.


The origin of the “Pahlavani struggle” dates back to ancient Persia. It would have been practiced by Iranian mythological heroes during battles. Pahlavani wrestling was originally used to train warriors. It combines martial arts and wrestling techniques, calisthenics, bodybuilding and epic music. It is recognized by UNESCO as one of the oldest forms of sport in the world.

The person who has been trained well and defeated others would call Pahlavan or hero. Pahlvani heroes are popular among people.
This style of wrestling pits two competitors against each other who try to take control of each other by throwing it over their shoulder.
In Pahlavani wrestling, wrestlers wear pants that extend from the waist to below the knees and contain a belt to hold the pants up.
In this style, a wrestler is allowed to use or grab pants or a belt as a grip. Also, the wrestler can use legs, waist, clinch, leg moves, and more likely lifting and throwing.

Unlike mat wrestling, there is no point system; a win is achieved by simultaneously pinning the opponent’s shoulders and hips to the ground. Although a victory by knockout, stoppage or submission is also possible. In some variations of the rules, it is enough to nail the shoulders down. Fights are overseen by a referee inside the ring and a panel of two judges watching from the outside.

Wrestling on the beach

Beach wrestling competitions take place on the sand of the beach. It is a style of standing wrestling, where no movement occurs on the ground. The sport is practiced by men and women in many countries around the world.

The rules of beach wrestling are quite simple. The first wrestler to three points wins. Matches are played on the beach in a circle seven meters in diameter and one point is awarded for a takedown or pushout. If there is a feet-to-back takedown, two points are awarded. Matches are a three-minute period with no overtime. There is also no struggle up or down. Once a takedown has taken place, the wrestlers are relieved.

If the score is tied after three minutes, the winner is based on criteria. The first set of criteria examined is the highest value stock. So if the score is tied at two, and one man had two one-run takeouts and the other had a two-run foot-to-back takeout, the latter wins the game. If this set of criteria does not apply to the match, the last person to score would win.

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